A. Inheritance of Property :-
In India, the inheritance of property, is governed by the law of inheritance, which originally was made in the year 1925 by the name of Indian Succession Act 1925. Besides that the succession was also governed by the customs prevailing in various societies. So far as Hindus who are the major population of the country are concerned, a law of inheritance has been enacted in the year 1956 for Hindus and now the inheritance amongst hindus is governed by the said law, except that in case an individual has executed a ‘Will’, then inheritance shall be governed by the said ‘Will’. Recently in the year 2005, the Hindu Succession Act has been amended to the effect that the right of inheritance though was given in the original Act of 1956 to a female as well, said right has been further been given in case of the ancestral property too, to a female child.
B. Possession of Property :-
So far as the possession of the property is concerned in India, the law is similar to the British law, so far as seeking a redressal of possession is concerned as well as for seeking rights to keep the possession of a property is concerned. It has been often seen that in case of absentee owners there is exploitation by the local people living in India, whether he happens to be a lawful tenant, a simple licensee like a friend, relation etc. etc. or sometimes the totally unauthorized persons also encroaches upon the property of an absentee landlord. In order to retrieve such possession in favour of such absentee landlord/owners, one needs to file a suit for possession and in case the property happens to be rented property and a person needs to have the possession of the same, there is a law which gives benefit to the non-resident Indians to the effect that their case is decided simply on the basis of the written documents like affidavit etc. without going through the hassle of long drawn litigation and the trial of the case. Therefore, the possession can be recovered without any delay.
C. Shares/partition of property :-
That often it is seen that there is a joint property in the family and all the co-owners of the property are not in possession of the said property or they are not enjoying the fruits of that properties and it is only one or two owners who are enjoying the fruits of the properties. Therefore, in such situations it is very necessary that such a property be partitioned and either the separate possession of the portion falling in his/her share may be given to them or such a property may be sold in the market or amongst the co-owners and the sale proceeds are divided amongst such share holders as per their respective share.
D. Government Acquisition of property :-
That since it is well known fact that India is a developing country and in order to develop the country, various types of infrastructures like road, bridges, etc. as well as the Government buildings and housing are needed which are being done by the Government, for which they need to acquire the private lands at various places of the private owners. Therefore, during the process of acquisition, sometimes certain illegalities are committed, therefore the remedy is also to get such a acquisitions declared illegal from the court of law or in case the acquisition is valid, then a person is entitled to be compensated with the maximum value for the land, for which often lot of litigation is to be fought with the Government as the Government at the first instance assesses the value at a lower side, though the times are changing now and sometimes they are assessing quite well, but still one needs to litigate to get the proper market value of the land, which is acquired by the State Government.
E. Other disputes of property with the State authorities :-
That there are number of other disputes with the Government which includes sometimes the municipal taxes, resumption of the properties allotted or purchased by individuals and sold by the agencies of the Government for the development for cities and towns, thus various types of cancellation of allotment and the lease by the Government of such property is done and similarly in case of the rural properties at times various Government agencies even encroach upon the land of the private persons due to various reasons like ambiguity in ownership rights vis-� -vis government and the private parties. Therefore, litigation needs to be made with such State authorities and the instrumentalities of the State for the redressal of the land owner’s grievance.