One of the very common issues which has been seen in India is concerning the fact that even if an individual is the owner of the property may be by virtue of inheritance like Will or Succession or may have become of the owner of a property by virtue of purchase, gift or exchange etc., but still his name is not entered in the record of rights being maintained by the various official authorities. In case of rural properties, it happens to be in the various revenue records like Khasra Girdawari, Jamabandi etc., process for entry in such documents is commonly called as mutation/intkal, whereas for properties in the urban areas, it is being entered in the record of rights being maintained by various Municipal Committees in Northern Indian and in case of cities which have been developed in the modern way, it is the Estate Agency like Estate Officer etc. who maintains the record of rights of ownership of every person.
Therefore, even if, a person has a title over the property and is owner of the property but still his name needs to be entered in the record of rights like Jamabandi/ Khasra Girdawari by virtue of Mutation/Intkal or the Estate Office record for the purpose that rest of the word would only know from such public documents regarding the ownership of the property of an individual regarding such particular property.
In order that a property may be mutated or it may be entered in the name of an individual, it is necessary that certain documents in proof of the title must be submitted to the authorities and number of times it is seen that such mutations/transfers are being contested by the other parties and for that one needs to go through an ordeal of litigation before such authorities even if one has the title in one's favour by virtue of inheritance or the will or otherwise.
The necessity of the entering one's name in the record of rights is for the reason that until and unless one's the name is entered in such records of rights, a person cannot resell the property, a person cannot be recognized by the public at large to be the owner of the property, therefore, one must get the property transferred/mutated in once name even if one has the proper documentation regarding the title of the property.